PGPEDIA

Building Relationships We Can All Be Proud Of

Friday, 19 May 2017

THE HIDDEN PRICE OF MARRYING INTO A FAMILY

There is a price to pay for every family you marry from. There is a price to pay when you marry from a poor home, a rich home, a prominent family, broken home, a family of academicians and religious people, a family from a culture/race/ethnicity different from yours.

It is important you know what the price is or likely to be. For some, it is the price of  the money you must be willing to part with just to crank the engine before we even start talking. The V8 families, I call them. For some, it is the price of being intellectually up there, being a spiritual firebrand, being able to cope with different customs including food, traditions, values, language, skin colour stereotypes and general way of life. For others, the price is to be able to blend into a certain class and being able to flow with certain line of conversation, a way of thinking and mannerisms. For some yet, it is the price of fear. Everything from that family was earned through the hard way that no little expenditure is seen as little, and every little laxity in spending is seen as prodigal.

The knowledge of this is not to scare you off; it is to help you decide if you have what it takes to pay that price and if you are willing and able to pay that price. Sometimes it helps you simply walk away.

A Black African man marries a white Lady, and due to certain cultural differences, marries another African woman in secrecy just so they can end up with someone they can identify with. People from 'ok' backgrounds [usually men] marry rich people [usually girls], and they complain about the crazy demands, expectations and lifestyles. People from families where both parents are living together marry from broken homes and live in terror because their spouses do not trust them, are paranoid or are abusive.

I do not know what you want to do with this information, but sit back and look at the family you are going into....look at the price you will pay for becoming a part of that family. Forget love and all the emotional stuff for a minute, and look at the reality of it. Are you willing and able to pay the price? No one ever went into a marriage with the view to breaking it; it only breaks up, most often, after the things they feared from the onset spring to life and start dancing in their face or haunt their dreams.

People are not just as they appear; we are a collage of all the experiences we have had, and how they have all influenced us. Do not forget it. Some backgrounds and upbringings do not just go away with marriage; some people do not change who they are after years of socialisation. They suppress them to get along until it becomes unbearable, then who they truly are resurfaces. God bless you if your marriage turns out differently; most often the price just gets ridiculously through the roof. Look before you jump. If you can't pay do not acquire. Prayer may not change much. That is why God gave you the vision before the commitment.

Homes are breaking up NOT ALWAYS because of an evil partner or their friends or relatives or the altar in your village; they are breaking up because of the differences in socialisation, which influences perception of the world around, how that world is interpreted and how it influences one's behaviour. People think and act in the way they see the world as shaped by their experience... Experiences of wealth, poverty, conflict, need for love, need for security, freedom, decisiveness, indecision, authority, lack of authority, faith, religion, ethnicity, language (verbally and symbolic) education, exposure among others. These things don't change overnight. There is no Harry Potter magic wand for that. If it took 25 to 30 years to shape them, before you met them, you don't expect them to change in 2 years because you are the new kid on the block. So as she is, can you pay the price of accepting her? Can you walk with him for the next 15 years before he finally decides to see it and do it your way? You can't? Great. I just saved you from a certain divorce.

PG Sebastian
All Rights Reserved. 


Thursday, 4 May 2017

WHATSAPP DOWN!!! SOCIAL MEDIA AND THE CHASM IN REAL LIFE CONNECTIONS

The very first major national Dumsor was in 1998. Bill Clinton was coming to Ghana. I remember when the lights went off in the evenings, area boys would just come out and sit in front of our houses, some will congregate on the street in front of a particular person’s house. We would chat and talk about everything. It was around this time of the year, so it was kind of hot. The cool fresh air outside did a lot of good to us. Sometimes, we would talk and dream for hours. By 10 pm, we would start trickling out into our various dark holes... This was In Takoradi, Anaji Estates (around John Davies' house), as it was so for many neighbourhoods across the country.

We had a life.

It is unsettling that the advent of social media has resulted in huge gullies in real-time face-to-face relationships. We have all been alienated and cut us off from each other. Because of the guy inside my phone, I am not so eager to meet the new guy who moved in next door. Because of the many things I get to see and laugh about on social media, I don't bother to try laughing with my neighbours. Now we give each other highlight in traffic, or give each other strange looks, or completely avoid each other and hurry off to our little 'Intel Inside' machines and send them heartfelt messages of how we saw them in traffic and gave them a light... How we were not sure of their reaction so we looked and walk on... How we were not certain (about what we don’t know) so we did not approach at all.

I lived in Tema for 5 years. My neighbour to the left of my residence was Middle Eastern Looking; I assumed was Lebanese. My neighbour to the right had the similar features. They had children. The children would see me drive inside anytime I came home, and they were playing outside. They would smile at me and I would respond with a curt smile. To my shame, there was not a single time I stopped to give them toffee or ask their names. I would wave at their parents (the men) and drive off...or in. As culturally enlightened a person that I am, I completely avoided interacting with the women who were always clad in their black hijab.

They were my neighbours; the aroma from my kitchen was in their noses, and the moanings from their boisterous lovemaking were in my bedroom. We were spatially close yet socially very far apart. I was closer to the folks inside my phone… folks in London, Takoradi, Accra, even New York... than I was to these families… humans that lived next door.

The day I finally decided to move out, I went to my neighbour to the right, and I told him I was moving out. I actually met him at the entrance to his house. The place was too far from my workplace; it makes me tired. I told him. He could barely understand me (He spoke Arabic…I think). But he said, please come in. He took me in, instructed his wife to hurriedly go cover her face and bring me a glass of water. I nearly turned the water down. These are strangers. I can't drink from them. But the better part of me took it and gulped it down. I looked at his eyes and his hair closely, and I noticed they were a bit different - lighter. Are you Syrian? He said no. Jordanian. I said Ah. I met a Jordanian man once in Europe. We once in a while stay in touch on Facebook. He was very cosmopolitan. We had something to share and smile about. Amman? I asked. He said yes. His eyes beamed like the headlights of a Beamer. Ah, you know about Amman. I answered quietly, I know the entire Middle East well... Of course, I did not have to tell him I am a fan of the various News channels and their different perspectives, and also a fan of History.

In about 5 minutes, my visit was over. This stranger had had enough of my time. I needed to drive off so I could catch up with my friends inside my phone. Those who are in Chicago, Glasgow, and Rome. The guys on my phone who will not be there when I needed someone to help me push my car because my ignition is spurting and my battery won't kick. They won't be there to carry me to the hospital in the event of an emergency, or… borrow salt from when I suddenly discover I am low on salt and I don't have to drive a kilometer or two to buy some.

Over the weekend (just this weekend) I saw the lady who has moved into my next door for the first time after she moved in about two months ago. During Christmas, I managed to say hi to the other neighbour who had been staying around for the past 6 months. I notice them when they come, I just don’t talk to them.  She said she was called Ang... Angela.... Angelina... OK. I will probably have to call her Angie, so I don't embarrass myself. I remember asking her name when we exchanged greetings. I was locking my gate she was opening hers. But most importantly, I was chatting with my friend who lives in Tanzania, that I did not listen to the one next door mention her name. What happened to us? Or it is just me? Why is this happening to us? Maybe it is just me.

Last night when WhatsApp went down, I was asleep. I woke up to see the emptiness in people as they posted online looking for answers. Individuals who live among people in densely populated areas. All they had to do was to walk out and chat with a friend... But alas all their friends live on their phones, and the only way to link up with them was to resort to another lifeless means of reaching out.... FACEBOOK.

And to think that it is not just WhatsApp and social media that is messing our way of life up, but since 1998 till date, no sensible government has been able to fix Ghana’s energy problems. 19 years and counting... 19 years of stories, excuses, and foolish grand plans.

PG Sebastian

2017. All Rights Reserved



Thursday, 20 April 2017

THERE ARE NO "SMALL WIVES"


Since forever, for one reason or another, I have stayed “woke” in regards to all forms of oppression and social injustices; in my personal life, my professional life, and society generally; as if I have been primed for them. I am unsure whether it was enrolling in a Gender and Development course for a year during my undergrad studies that deepened this social-consciousness or whether I had already started becoming more sensitive to them by mere observation, but it seems that every day something new, different, and often worrisome arises and I just can’t look away.
It may seem the steam that erupted during the Otiko Djaba brouhaha might have settled, but that is only because “those of us who really care,” do not have as much power and influence like she does. While the controversies centered around Otiko and her current role as protector of the feminine realm in the country, it also exposed our society in very unsettling ways.

This past week, in particular, I have heard and read many cases of child sexual abuse, which has triggered, on my part, a very critical reflection into our cultural setting to identify other ways to steer the discussion on sexual harassment and child sexual abuse. I have noticed and mentally cataloged, over the years, the various disturbing ways in which grown men address not only adult women but teenage girls and children with terms of paternalistic endearment.
"My wife..... “
“Ei miyere kitiwa,(my small wife) how are you? When will you come and cook for me?”
“Ei my wife, I'll marry you ok."
Here, methinks, is a prime example of unassuming, subtle everyday-sexism mining its heels deeper and deeper into our collective subconscious. With every saying of “my wife,” there’s not only a reinforced gender stereotype in our cultural lexicon but also, a  perpetuation of a culture of polygamy, patriarchy and ‘chattelisation’ of women as items and objects, that a man can just have at his beck and call. This goes to influence a woman's sub-consciousness that it is OK to be a little wife, a second wife or the side Chic when the big madam is indisposed.
A very mundane picture in our society is being painted here. The sexualization of girls from a very early stage is one cancer we cannot afford to miss. This statement is also one we’ve heard come from our uncles, family friends, neighbours, etc. It is for this simple fact that statistics show that majority of rape victims actually know their rapists on a personal level.
It starts as simple “flattery,” or “compliments,” as I suppose these patronizing monikers would seek to achieve but really what it does is give a false sense of intimacy to relationships that are in truth built on nothing more than mere cordiality. And because it is mostly overlooked by even parents, the perpetrators are able to get away with it because obviously, they are people “we trust.”
We might have all heard this statement in some variation before. Adults who should know better, shamelessly say it to freshly born babies. They say it to toddlers. They say it to teens. They say it to adult girls.
Now here are a few things to note:
Please, men, listen up. Erect a thick wall of boundary that reaches to the highest heavens when it comes to girls. Don't admire, don't flatter, don't propose marriage. Let teenagers remain, teenagers and children, children. Keep your favours and endearments to yourself.
If the only thing you have to say to a little girl is 'my wife'; then you should give yourself a befitting hard knock on the head and STOP, because it is no endearment. It is totally INAPPROPRIATE.
Also, young girls are not your playmates. Desist from sending little girls and boys on errands; you were blessed with legs too. The truth is, people notice these things and more often will not complain openly or call you out until something terrible happens to that child.
If the child goes missing, they will mention you. If the child gets raped, they will point fingers at you.
Why? Because you chose to treat the child as an adult and made marriage proposals to little girls in jest while sending them on errands as if they were born to serve you.
Many dangerous people are clad as family and friends. The perverts are not strangers. Even our sons and baby boys are not spared. Some of these pedophiles are also females. There’s no gainsaying that evil in itself has no gender!
Parents, please pay attention to your daughters (and sons); listen to them. Don't beat them into silence. DON’T BLAME THEM. Listen. Believe the child. He/She may only reach out once.
Also, pay attention to the people they get close to. Rape and child abuse did not die yesterday - it will be here with us till the conversion of the Jews.
Don't make a sexually abused child lie in the name of “protecting the family" or your marriage. Cowardice at this time is not an option! Get justice for that child. Let the child trust you; let them know you are here to protect them and not blame them. Name and shame the abuser. Let the laws deal with him/her.
If you see or notice something odd, don’t look away. SPEAK UP! You have chosen the side of the oppressor (abuser) when you say nothing. Sweeping sexual abuse under the carpet won't make it stop. Neither will it make our kids safe nor us. Break the culture of silence.
Talking to your kids about child sexual abuse isn't scary. NOT TALKING IS!
Empower your child to identify/recognize what an inappropriate "touch" or compliment is and to boldly say NO! Teach them to SPEAK UP!!!
It is an easier task to build a strong child than to fix a broken adult.
Stay “Woke.”


Efua Sintim 2017 
All Rights Reserved
 Ms Sintim is our Guest Blogger for today. She is a student of law, at the University of London, and a Compliance Professional, Content Writer/Developer for African Youth Excellence (AYE), Massachusetts

I AM A GOOD MAN, HELP ME STAY GOOD.


Contrary to the popular belief that, ‘All men are cheats’ I wish to state that not every man goes around cheating and chasing girls. Not every man is incapable of knowing and respecting boundaries. Not every man is a sick base creature with no sense of self-restraint. We may need to look at the micro issues that may lead a good man out of his home into the arms of another woman. Whereas no marital indiscretion is justifiable, we need to accept the existential fact that all though not every human action is justifiable, we still do them.

This article is not about the ‘what should be' and the 'what must be'. It looks at the ‘what is’ and the consequences of these whats. Humans, religious and non-religious, pragmatic and idealist are motivated by self-interest. If a human being is not restrained, therefore, there is no end to what they can do in order to self-sustain. This, to me, should influence the actions of everyone in the bedroom, especially the new breed of women, who use the religious and the moral predispositions of their husbands to manipulate them. The women who know that their husbands would not seek solace anywhere, and if they do, they have the society and the church to, as usual, accuse them of not being any different from the rest of the dogs. This article is not about the average Joe; the regular husband who takes decisions on fidelity based on what is convenient to him. This article is about the good men you and I know, the ones when given a chance would catch a bullet for their wives.

Sometimes a man stands at a place, looking at a woman who just wants him to be hers, and she would give her all, and looks back at how he struggles to be wanted, needed, accepted in a home he is supposed to find rest, peace, and love. Most often than not, it is in this position that many lose their breath and fall into the hands of the woman close enough and sensitive to see their frustration and desperation.

Yes, I know you will say cheating is no excuse no matter what goes on in your home. True. I agree. And I will agree with you when you conclude that God and this life will deal with him somehow. But do you think a thirsty man calculates the number bacteria he is gulping down when offered water from anything that looks like a cup? Think about it. He may drink and find a remedy later, but he may have drunk it. The mistake we do is that we assume everyone is somehow, morally or spiritually restrained in their actions. That is the ideal... but in reality? Nope! Not even you always put the care of someone ahead of your own personal discomfort….especially when the source of the discomfort is the one you are expected to show care. Don't for once assume everyone is controlled by the Spirit of God or some moral code. So watch your own actions.

Oh, and God (and society, if it comes out) will not hold you guiltless as long as it was your action that led him astray. Jesus said to his disciples: "Things that cause people to stumble are bound to come, but woe to anyone through whom they come. Luke 17:1. It is there. Always remember that you cannot kill him silently in the bedroom and cover it up because in our society men don't complain, and a woman can cover it up with tears. Sorry ladies, but while I loathe with every fibre in me the horrors many of you are facing in your bedrooms at the hands of monsters parading as humans…and men at that, I need you to appreciate that some of your kind are really sending their men to their graves, silently, quietly, innocently…and sometimes…almost professionally.

He could be your brother, your best friend, your father. Tell me how you would feel if you heard another woman treat him how you treat him. Tell me if it would be OK for your brother to recount to you, as his experience, the horror stories of your own bedroom.

We know you do not respect his views because he is not as rich and successful as your boss your brother, your father... Your ex... Maybe. We know. We are aware you starve him in bed because he has not earned his place in between your thighs. Oh yes, we know. We know you loathe him and it shows in how you relate to him, his gifts for you, affection towards you and his presence. Oh please don't deny it. It is obvious.

So you see, as smelly as the house help is, without education, class or anything, you still will not understand why he went after her. You will not figure out what is with the acne covered secretary...why no one but sister Grace of long skirt and big blouse fame. You will not know why your husband will even dream about a little girl who is probably young enough to be his daughter... What you don’t realise, and if you do, would find it difficult to accept is, at least there, and with these unworthy women (as you may see them), a measure of his manhood is respected. It is only when he is with them that he feels like a man again.

So why not, he would sacrifice his marital vows just to hear someone say ‘please,’ ‘thank you,’ ‘I appreciate it’ and  ‘I am sorry.’ Someone who gives him affection in bed with no conditions… with no loathing; with no spite. He will risk the consequences of his actions to sell his birthright for a bowl of pottage. Oh, sure he will pay dearly in the end; no one is justifying a wrong. But you, my dear sister, will also pay dearly.

You will never understand… the same way he will never figure out why you loathe him the way you do. In your thinking, that is lust; that is a weak man who has no self-control and is trying to find an avenue to justify his indiscretion. Probably you may even call the author a male Chauvinistic pig, who only thinks of how to perpetuate the social patriarchy and the worshipping of the male ego. I will not fault you...Why would I? You would have succeeded in lying to yourself that you are an angel, your man is a demon; you cannot be blamed for any marital problems...it is all and always his fault. How can I help you see the folly in this position? I can't. You will keep your views until divorce becomes so common that we may have to throw Divorce Parties for the newly divorced. And In all of this, the man will be guilty with no one willing to listen to him...in a society where it is abnormal for men to complain about marital struggles.


Before you come saying some men are dogs, they will still cheat regardless of what you do, take a pause and think hard about this. Is it ALWAYS the case? Can you, before God, say you don't know any woman who is literally driving her man mad and out? You know such a woman? Good, it is such we are talking about today.

If another woman can do it, my sister, my mother, my daughter, my friend, you can. Be interested in your marriage, be interested in your man. Love him, want him, desire him. Men do not thrive on sex; they thrive on respect. It is where a man finds respect that he plants his sexual seeds. One of the greatest regrets a man can carry is to know he messed up a woman who respects him. Many are held back when they remember the respect their wives have for them. Respect is tightly knitted into their ego. Respect him, and his ego is inflated. Women, who snatch men, know this trick and use it. Guess what, it works all the time. As a wife, you need to employ this took too.

On a normal day, I ask men to up their games. If they claim this world is a man's world, and they are large and in charge, they need to prove it and take responsibility for their actions. But I also know for a fact, women are not inanimate objects in relationships or marriages, and every conflict has multiple sides. Enough of always blaming men for their mess; but of course it is their mess, and they are responsible. However, we need to be honest about the parts each one of us play...especially the women so we can all, hand in hand, work it.

Sometimes, with a little help, a good man will stay good. And if it is beyond you, give it to God.

PG Sebastian 2017
All Rights Reserved

SEVEN STAGES OF MARRIAGE

This is based on a work by Sari Harrar and Rita DeMaria. It looks at the Seven identifiable stages most marriages go through from the moment vows are exchanged till death literally do the couples part…or other factors come in to derail the marriage. The Seven stages start from the stage of Passion – which is the early days of marriage, to the Completion Stage where you find stability and peace. 

Let's look at the various stages and which action to take in each of the stages. 



1. PASSION STAGE
This is the early stages of the marriage. It is generally between the Honeymoon up to twelve (12) months into the wedding (Some earlier) or up until a baby arrives. In the passion stage, there is more of the two of you and less of others. You focus on the positives of each other while you play down, overlook or completely get oblivious of their negatives. You bond through unabashed intimacy, traveling and touring (for those who can afford), you are seen in public together (and those of you who are social media lovers, post tonnes of pictures online) and you agree on most issues. It is the most exciting period for most marriages.

Action To Be Taken: During this period, strengthen your sense of “us”, change the narrative from ‘Me’ and ‘I’ to ‘Us and We’. Wear your wedding ring, quickly introduce your spouse to friends when you bump into them, refer to yourself by your New acquired name (for the women), get lasting and exciting pet names for each other, make time for each other, leave work at work. Build a solid network of mutual friends as opposed to individual friends. Reduce, if not completely cut off, the degree of information you pass on to friends and relatives about your marriage. Be fixated on how to make your marriage work, build trust, respect, and unshakable friendship in each other.

2. REALIZATION STAGE
This is the stage of the marriage (right after the Passion Stage)  where couples are getting to know the real strengths and weaknesses of each other. It is at this stage that the dust of love is settled, all pretenses are over, what we can truly do and what we cannot do are all beginning to show. The neat freaks are coming home and those who hoard are piling up filth all over. Some strengths come to unsettle some of the spouses, like the true strength of a wife who might have played weak and sweet all along. It is the period where the foundation settles and its true nature is revealed. It is a stage a lot of couples get to and can feel disillusioned seeing some of the weaknesses in their spouses – weaknesses they did not know were there. That explains why most modern marriages struggle to cross their 5th Anniversary. I called the realisation stage a stage of Marital Shock.
 
Action To Be Taken: Develop the two important communication habits in marriage – listening and confiding – which are essential to expanding understanding and trust. During this period, you need not assume anything and you need not imply anything. Talk about things as you see them, and be interested in understanding why things are the way they are. Be eager to explain why certain things are the way they are with you. Try to understand each other as that understanding builds up trust. Build your in-house communication capacity before things spill over. Consider enrolling in a couples communication class or post marital counselling to help you sail through that stage. PGPEDIA offers these services.


3. REBELLION STAGE
You may be in the Rebellion Stage when each of you is seeking to assert your self-interests and you end up having volatile – or hidden - power struggles. This is the stage where both couples have come to their wits ends trying to play along. The guy who was all caring is reverting to his old self of not caring what you do with your hair or how what you wear looks like on you. He is now becoming who he is; his boys, his games, his outing, his passwords and flirting around, his ‘workaholism’, his 'short-temperedness', his quest to 'club' or go out and stay out, everything that is self-seeking and of self-interest. The woman is tired of suppressing her opinion, choking under the pretense of being a loving and sweet wife. Now she wants to seek her own interest. and everything selfish and similar to what the man is doing or more. So You don’t speak 'at' me again, you don’t order me again. You don’t patronise me again. You don’t become all sagacious with the dumbest ideas again. Financial and social standings are silently used to justify one’s actions. So a woman who feels ‘oppressed' looks at her finances and ability to sustain herself in the event of a divorce, rather than finding creative ways of resolving the issue. Spouses Rebel against each other.

Action To Be Taken: Learn how to negotiate and keep agreements – keeping promises builds trust. Identify areas of difference and start talking about them – one at a time. Don’t change the subject when the issues are being discussed. Do not be closed minded to ideas because you have a preconceived notion about what you want. Be willing to Compromise and be willing to get each other along rather than dragging each other along. Avoid dragging the horse to the well-side. Negotiation and compromise become the way forward.

4. COOPERATION STAGE
You maybe in the Cooperation Stage if both you and your spouse seem more preoccupied with the kids, money, home and work and you start to feel like business partners more than lovers. During this stage, there is a lot of emphasis on payment of bills, mortgage, career progression, academic pursuits, social agenda like getting into politics or becoming more relevant to the community in a grand way. Spouses, during this period, are willing to cooperate with each other for the greater good; you put your differences aside and help raise the children, pay the mortgage, grow their political career or any other career ambition they may have. They take a lot of political and business decisions as opposed to decisions based on love and emotions.


Action To Be Taken: Make your marriage a priority, de-stress and keep the passion alive. Set up a regular date night. Find a babysitter! In the heat of its all, make time for each other, build bridges and adopt reconciliatory and engaging approach towards each other, especially after the Rebellious Stage - stage define how most marriages will eventually go.

5. REUNION STAGE
You may be in the Reunion Stage if you have an ‘empty nest’ and begin to have more time for yourself and each other to renew your friendship and passion. This period is a very tricky period; the children are all grown and away from the house. Some are at the university; others are working. You may be anywhere in your forties to early fifties. Most Couples would have peaked in their career or can see how it would undoubtedly end if things go the way they are going. The tricky part is what happened at the Rebellion Stage of your marriage and how it was handled(See Stage 3). If the struggle and animosity got intense and that phase passed with these differences unresolved, it is generally at this Reunion Stage that some couples, can quietly and without drama separate. Some couples, do not move past the Rebellion Stage but stay in the marriage just because of the children. When that factor is out of the equation, they just walk away to find solace in new things and in new people.

Action To Be Taken: Refocus on your marriage, get off autopilot & unpack any old baggage. Plan some special events that bring back good memories. If you can seek coaching on how to spice up your love life and return to a miniature Passion Stage.


6. EXPLOSION STAGE
You may be in the Explosion Stage, which can happen anytime, if you are experiencing major career, health, parenting and family crises. From Redundancy to Debilitating Sickness or worse the death of a loved one can set the family and marriage on fire. It is a stage most marriages pass through in a form or the other and the knowledge of it helps us meet it and handle it well.

Action To Be Taken: Make use of emotional, physical and spiritual support for yourself, your spouse and your marriage. Pay attention to your physical and emotional health and well-being. Do your best to ease the burden on each other rather than aggravating it.

7. COMPLETION STAGE
You may be in the Completion Stage as stability and security reign, and you enjoy each other and the life you have created.During this period, a sense of bliss and equilibrium in your marriage and family life.


Action To Be Taken: Look to create a new sense of meaning & purpose for yourselves & your marriage. Establish a special project that you will begin together.

Adapted and expanded from The 7 Stages of Marriage by Sari Harrar and Rita DeMaria, Copyright 2007 The Reader’s Digest Association, Inc.